History & Architecture

Sara Braun Palace

The history of Patagonia´s pioneers has got some main characters in both Argentina and Chile, writing important pages of it. The Braun family was one of them, been the Magellan city of Punta Arenas, the place where they lived and forged a destiny.

History of the National Monument

Sara Braun came from her native Russia into the southern lands by the year 1874. She married in 1887 with the successful Portuguese entrepreneur José Nogueira, who had built his fortune thanks to the shipping activities, sea lions hunting and sheep farming. When Nogueira died of tuberculosis in 1893, Sara inherits and manage a large wealth, using part of it in the construction of her home.

Sara Braun chose the French architect Numa Mayer to design her future home, drawing the plans according to the taste and canons that prevail in Paris during the late nineteenth century. The palace exuberance contrasted with the simple housing style in the area at the time.

When Sara Braun died in 1955, the mansion was given to her nephews, which sold most of the furniture. The following year it was purchase by the “Club de la Union” (Union Club).

In 1982 it was declared national monument, since then the main characteristics of the building can´t be modified.

Architecture & Style

The building has a neoclassical style with generous details in the ornamentation. The two story mansion was built in brick masonry, over stone foundations. A wooden structure supports the ceiling, covered with a galvanized iron roof with a scales texture. Materials, furniture and decorations were brought from Europe.

On the first floor it was found the music hall, the golden room, dining room and billiards room, while on the second floor the bedrooms and library were found.

The building´s front has a porch with columns that stand on to the second floor, generating a bounded terrace with a balusters surrounding. By the west, the construction has attached a winter garden set on a metal structure. By the east, a large boinder extends the spacious music hall into the surrounding park. The four corners of the roof are holding skirts, topped by mansard windows with profuse ornamentation. Inside the building part of the original refined decoration is preserve.

Location

Punta Arenas is the southern most city and port of Chile. Its located 3.090 kilometers south of Santiago, the capital.

With a 1382033,5 km2 surface and a population of 123.041 inhabitants, the capital of the Magallean Region is the mayor urban center of the area, with approximately only a 20% percent of rural population.

José Nogueira and Sara Braun, main characters of the pioneers´ history in the region.

José Nogueira landed in 1866 in Punta Arenas, by then a village with few inhabitants, becoming one of the first settlers of the Magellan territory. He managed to built a great wealth with the hunting of sea lions in the archipelagos of Fireland (Tierra del fuego), commodities exploitations, commerce, ship building and livestock , becoming the most important businessman of the region.